Are Motorized Bicycles Legal in Alberta

We still get a lot of questions about the legality of riding your electric bike in Canada. We wrote this article two years ago, and it remains a popular resource. In 2019, this is a contentious point where pedegos are mounted by law enforcement and law enforcement across the country! Canadian police require the Ridge Rider and municipal governments put personnel on electric bikes. So it`s not so much about whether you can ride an electric bike, but where you can ride your Pedego, it requires additional explanations. A Class 6 or 7 vehicle registration document is required to legally drive a moped. From a legal point of view, this vehicle would be considered a moped or a motorcycle, depending on the size of the engine. Electrically assisted bicycles are divided into two categories in Saskatchewan. An electric auxiliary wheel is a two- or three-wheeled bike that uses only pedals and one motor at a time. An on/off cycle uses either pedals and a motor or simply a motor. Drivers of power cycles must be 16 years old and need at least one driver`s license for apprentices. No driver`s license is required for the electric auxiliary bike. Helmets are required for both.

Electric bikes are referred to as “electric bikes” in the Alberta legislature, and the laws surrounding them comply with the federal definition of “e-bikes.” However, the province requires operators to be at least 12 years of age and all operators to wear helmets. A passenger is only allowed if the electric bike is equipped with a seat intended for that passenger. Alberta`s e-bike regulations identify e-bikes as “e-bikes” and comply with the federal definition of “e-bike” in CRC mvSR, c 1038 s 2. The engine power must not exceed 500 W (0.671 hp) and the electric bike is not able to provide additional assistance if the electric bike reaches a speed of 32 km/h on flat ground. Fully functional pedals are required. No driver`s license, vehicle insurance or vehicle registration is required. Operators must be at least 12 years old. All operators are required to wear a motorcycle helmet that complies with the standards of AR 122/2009 s 112 (2) or an approved bicycle helmet (Vehicle Equipment Ordinance, Article 112). A passenger is only allowed if the electric bike is equipped with a seat intended for this passenger, a horn is required as standard: you must be equipped with the following ratio when driving an electric bike: headlights, taillight, reflectors, brakes and a horn. (Vehicle Equipment Ordinance, Articles 10, 13, 50, 54 and 60.) Note: that electric bikes no longer need a brake light or side mirror.

For more details, see small_vehicle_booklet_final.doc ( According to them, gasoline bicycles are illegal here in Canada, they are classified as a motor vehicle, must be registered, and the frame and brakes, etc. do not meet the requirements for gasoline cycles. They said that even if people walk around with it, it will be confiscated if it is stopped by a police officer. Electric/motorized bicycles (“electric bikes”) are allowed on public roads in Ontario, but there are several conditions: the maximum travel speed is 32 km/h. The motor of the electric bike must not exceed 500 W of power. The electric bike should not weigh more than 120 kg (~265 lbs) in total. The short answer to this question is, “Absolutely!” Current electric bicycle laws were first passed by the federal government in 2000 as part of Canada`s motor vehicle safety regulations and classify e-bikes as “electrically assisted bicycles.” This is an important distinction because “electric bikes” can sometimes be confused with electric scooters and motorcycles. There are three main features of a bike with an electric stand: The “Provincial Policy on Electric Bikes and Electric Bikes” adheres to federal legislation, but states that an electric bike, to be approved on the road, has rims longer than 22 cm (9 inches), a seat at least 68 cm (27″) above the ground and if you travel at night, a headlamp is required. Electrically assisted cyclists in Ontario must follow the rules and regulations for regular bicycles, wear an approved bicycle helmet and be at least 16 years of age.

Other laws are consistent with federal laws, but stipulate that electric bikes cannot weigh more than 120 kilograms (265 pounds), require a maximum braking distance of nine meters, and prohibit modifications to the motorcycle`s engine that would generate speeds of more than 32 kilometers per hour. Electric bikes are not allowed on highways, highways or other areas where bicycles are not allowed. All petrol bikes are illegal on New South Wales roads and in road-related areas such as walking trails, shared trails, cycle paths and cycle paths. These include bikes that: Have a connected gasoline engine before or after purchase. In this update, we still answer the question of whether e-bikes are legal in Canada and explain the legislation that each province has passed around e-bikes. Next, we`ll look at the details of local guidelines for using e-bikes on non-motorized and recreational trails. Electric bikes can`t have a gasoline-powered engine, but they can have three wheels, like the new Pedego Trike. In addition, all electric bikes on Pedego Canada`s product list do not have motors that exceed 500 W and are limited to a maximum speed of 32 km/h.

The law further stipulates that owners of e-bikes do not need a permit to use them, and that special insurance or vehicle registration is not required. This is the simple answer to the question “Are electric bikes legal in Canada?” But it becomes more interesting because federal law provides that provinces and municipalities have the right to restrict electrically assisted bicycles from certain roads, lanes, paths and traffic lanes. Therefore, to better understand whether electric bicycles are legal in Canada, we need to look at the requirements of the province and then the municipal laws. The question remains, is it legal to operate on the street? Yes. Section 406 of the California Vehicle Code defines a motorized bicycle as a two- or three-wheeled vehicle with pedals for human propulsion and an engine (gasoline or electric). On July 1, 2009, new definitions for electric bicycles and mopeds will come into effect in Alberta. The definitions are updated as part of the Highway Use and Rules regulations to comply with federal regulations, which define them as a servo-assist bicycle and a limited-speed motorcycle. However, the terms “motorcycle” and “moped” are still used in Alberta.

Lime bikes are technically illegal in Alberta, but don`t expect a ticket if you drive one. Calgary police say they won`t actively enforce it, but under Alberta`s Highway Safety Act, electric bikes must be equipped with brakes, reflectors, brake lights, a horn and a rear-view mirror. If this is an accurate description of your motorcycle, you can ride it – only on the road – without a driver`s license, insurance and registration as long as you are 16 years of age or older. Moped riders need a driver`s license, insurance and registration to be legal. In Quebec, assisted bicycles are allowed on the roads, but cyclists must be 14 years old and if they are under 18 years of age, they must have a moped or scooter license.

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