The sale of e-cigarettes, which are considered a tobacco product, is banned in the city-state under its strict tobacco law, which also prohibits the sale and advertising of these products, including cigars, cigarettes, chewable candy. (sso.agc.gov.sg/Act/TCASA1993) Filter spoke with nearly a dozen vapers, researchers and consumer advocates in India, hoping to develop an idea of what life was like a year after the ban and what the future holds. All told similar and familiar stories: the government`s ban measures have expanded the country`s illegal market for vaping products; vapers are returning to cigarettes; slowed down or even stopped scientific research on the subject; And despite the fact that personal use is technically legal, the act of vaping has been stigmatized and has likely prevented current smokers or tobacco users from changing. (Some people who feared criminal or civil acts requested anonymity to speak freely about vaping for this article.) This has long been a favorite claim of prohibitionists, but it has not been proven. The United Kingdom and the United States, where vaping is most prevalent, now have the lowest smoking rates recorded among adolescents, which would not be possible if adolescent vapers switched to smoking. In the United States, youth smoking decreased by 63.3% from 2011 to 2019 to 5.8% in 2019 (compared to a decrease of only 17.4% in 2003/2011, when e-cigarettes were not widely used), suggesting that vaping is an exit ramp and not a gateway to smoking. In Russia, the sale of vapes is subject to age and location restrictions. For example, to consume e-cigarettes, individuals should be 18 years of age or older, aside from the fact that there are restrictions on vending machines that sell e-cigarettes. Advertising and advertising for vaping is completely banned in Russia, and the use of e-cigarettes in public transport is also prohibited, except in long-haul passenger ships, where separate cabins are produced for vaping purposes. Germany is known as a smoker`s paradise and it`s no surprise that they haven`t yet introduced any regulation or ban on vaping. Recently, however, Germany passed the tobacco tax modernization bill (2021).
The law targets consumer behaviour in the tobacco market. The aim of the law is to adjust tobacco tax rates, in addition to the fact that improving public health and protecting minors is the key area. The project aims to tax e-cigarettes and other tobacco-heated products. Under this legislation, e-cigarettes would be considered regular cigarettes and taxed accordingly. The tax regime will apply until 1 July 2022; which is assessed on the basis of the volume of substances in millimetres (EUR 0,16 from 1 July 2022). The nicotine content of e-cigarettes enters the bloodstream after being absorbed by an individual`s lungs. The entry of e-liquid into the blood is quite dangerous, because when it occurs, a hormonal change is caused, because nicotine stimulates the adrenal glands to release the hormone adrenaline, commonly known as adrenaline; which in turn activates the central nervous system and leads to an increase in breathing, heart rate and blood pressure. This whole process leads to the activation of reward circuits (part of the brain associated with pleasure activities) in the brain and, as a result, dopamine (a hormone that makes individual sensory pleasure) is released, which in turn requires more reward and thus leads to a loop of dependence. Apart from that, nicotine affects the prefrontal cortex, whose main function is decision-making, judgment and other related functions. These are extremely dangerous signs, as most teenagers today are addicted to vaping and therefore this addiction prevents the development of their brains and leads to the development of mood-related disorders. Although European countries do not impose a blanket ban, it turns out that they have also recently adapted regulatory mechanisms to prevent e-cigarette addiction, which is proof that vaping is indeed very dangerous to health. The fact that many studies and reports suggest that e-cigarettes encourage users to use other hard drugs proves that vaping regulation will not help and that a strict ban on vaping is necessary to avoid the harm caused by vaping.
Although there have been different regulatory mechanisms in our neighborhood, there was an undeniable trend towards regulation – China recently announced a regulatory directive for e-cigarettes, while a few days ago, the Philippines passed the final reading of a law to promote it as a harm reduction measure to curb smoking, where lawmakers have also questioned the interference of foreign groups in their tobacco control policies. Had. Malaysia and Indonesia already have regulatory frameworks for e-cigarettes. In total, an estimated 19 million e-cigarette users in Asia are spread across 15 countries. Further, Australia recently announced regulations, while New Zealand is actively promoting vaping as a less harmful alternative for its smokers. Alternatives to low-risk smoking are also legal in South Korea, Russia and Japan, where cigarette sales fell by 43% thereafter.